Curcuma Longa, commonly known as ‘turmeric’, is a traditional spice with a multitude of medicinal properties. Its application in Ayurvedic medicines has been noted since time immemorial. Various sesquiterpenes and curcuminoids bestow it with a wide array of biological activities like antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, anticancer and anti-proliferative activities. The essential oils present in the rhizome account for its antibiotic properties. It rectifies several health problems and this makes turmeric the “Queen of Spices”.